Bhutan's GNH INDEX is based on the following nine areas/"domains"


1) Psychological wellbeing: It explores how people experience the quality of their lives. It includes spirituality, evaluations of life satisfaction and people's reactions to life events such as emotional health meaning positive and negative emotions.


2) Health: It includes conditions of physical and mental health. It takes into account people's quality of life throughout daily activities taking into account "stress."


3) Time use: It takes into account the time spent on activities related to work; leisure; sleep and highlights the importance of a harmonious work-life balance.


4) Education: It includes formal and informal education as well as knowledge on certain areas, values and skills.


5) Cultural Diversity and Resilience: It considers the strength of cultural traditions: festivals, creative arts, etc.


6) Community Vitality: It studies the interaction within communities and among family and friends, as well as volunteering.


7) Good Governance: It evaluates how people perceive governmental functions the delivery of public service. It takes into account people's participation in elections and in government decisions, as well as people's assessments of their rights and freedoms.


8) Ecological Diversity and Resilience: Tracts people's perceptions and evaluations of environmental conditions in their neighborhood , and eco-friendly behaviors. It covers environmental hazards, including fires and earthquakes.


9) Living Standards: It considers material comfort, as measured by income, financial security, housing and ownership of assets


It considers material comfort, as measured by income, financial security, housing and ownership of assets.


GNH Score. Many have asked us; How does Bhutan calculate the GNH INDEX?

BHUTAN attributes a certain "weight" to each of its nine domains.


For example: "Weight" of items given under Domain


1: Psychological wellbeing:

a) Life Satisfaction: 1/3;

b) Positive emotion: 1/6;

c) Negative emotion: 1/3;

d) Spirituality: 1/3.

The GNH score adds up the "weight" of each of the 9 domains creating a profile for each person. If a person agrees with at least 2/3 of the total score, he/she is considered to be "Happy" in terms of the GNH index.




•MEN AND WOMEN: 51% of men have reported to be "happy" compared to 39 % of women respondents.


• RURAL AND URBAN AREAS: 55% of people living in urban areas are reported to be "happy" compared to 38% of people living in rural areas. Happiness in urban areas increased during 2010-2015 compared to rural areas.


• EDUCATION: It has been documented that GNH increases with education. Only 32% of people without formal schooling were happy, compared to 60% who completed high school or higher education. At the same time, "happiness" among people lacking formal schooling in-creased faster, thus reducing inequality.


• AGE: Happiness was highest for people under 30 years of age and lowest for those over 70. However, during 2010-2015 happiness increased more for older persons becoming an equaliz-ing trend.